A monthly quiz of general history, traditions, geography questions for March
1. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge is the longest sea bridge in the world how long is it?
53 miles [85 kms]
34 miles [55 kms]
16 miles [25 kms]
Completed in 2018 at a cost of $18.8 billion, this bridge connects Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau is both the longest sea bridge and the longest open-sea fixed link in the world.
2. What should you do when a guest arrives while you are sitting having a meal?
tap fingers on the table
raise glass for a toast
It is polite to stand up to greet the new guest.
3. What did the Chinese call their country in the year 1900?
Great Qing Kingdom
In dynastic China the country was named after the ruling dynasty : 大清国 Dà Qīng guó in Chinese.
4. What phrase terminated all Imperial edicts?
ruler of all under heaven
long live the emperor
tremble and obey
The phrase was intended to instill unquestioning loyalty. An edict may require the recipient to immediately commit suicide.
5. Lapsang Souchong comes from which province?
Lapsang Souchong is a tea from the Wuyi mountains, Fujian. It is dried by smoking over a pinewood fire giving it a distinctive flavor.
6. Where did Zhou Enlai move to study in 1917?
Zhou aged 19 stayed in for Japan two years, but he failed to get a place at a Japanese university and so returned to China. Japan was at that time home to many revolutionaries and reformists.
7. What is the origin of the name Macau?
Local name for Pearl river
Mazu - sea goddess
Local name for island
Mazu or Ma-tsu is the principal goddess of the sea along China's coasts. There were many shrines to her where seaman would make offerings to secure a safe journey.
8. From which province are most of China's space rockets launched from?
The Wenchang space center on Hainan island has become the launch location for most of China's space rockets. This is due its location in southernmost China - it is much easier to get satellites into orbit from near the equator and the huge component parts can be transported far easier by sea rather than overland.
9. The other main ingredient of porcelain other than china clay is what?
Petuntse is formed when granite has been subject to heavy weathering and consists of mica and feldspar. The name comes from the Chinese 白墩子 bái dūn zi literally ‘small white bricks’ which is the form in which it was delivered to porcelain factories. It forms the solid framework for porcelain without it china clay is too soft.
10. Where did Sun Yatsen studied medicine?
Sun studied some medicine at the Guangzhou Boji Hospital but his main place of study was at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese which went on to become part of the The University of Hong Kong. He studied with James Cantlie with whom he had a long friendship. From his class of 12 students, Sun was one of only two who graduated as doctors.
11. Jiang Zemin is associated with which city in China
Jiang was born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province and studied at Shanghai University and then rose to be mayor of Shanghai. Born in 1926 he is the elder statesman of China.
12. Where did Mao Zedong swim in 1966?
Mainly to prove he was still physically fit, Mao Zedong, then aged 72, swam in the Yangzi river near Wuhan. He actually did not cross the river - which would have been quite a feat for anyone. It marked the start of his coming back to power to launch the Cultural Revolution.
13. Standard spoken Chinese (Mandarin) is based on the local pronunciation where?
The official language at the Imperial court of Beijing became the spoken language of all the officials (mandarins) and so became the standard dialect taught to Chinese people.
14. What is the leading form of Buddhism in Tibet?
In 1641 the Yellow Hat sect beat the Red Hat sect to become the leading religious group and installed the first Dalai Lama.
15. The Temple of Heaven has an inner ring of columns representing what?
The inner ring has twelve columns one for each complete lunar month of the year.