History Quiz 2Intermediate difficulty level quiz about the long history of China.
1. The first bridge over the lower Yangzi at Wuhan was built in which year?
The Wuhan First Yangtze Bridge, a double-deck road and rail bridge, crosses the Yangzi River at Wuhan. It was a major breakthrough as previously all traffic had to cross the river in boats, even train carriages.
2. The queue hair style was introduced by which dynasty?
All Chinese men were forced by the Manchu (Qing) rulers to shave the top and sides of the head and plait their hair from three braids into a queue 辫子 biàn zi dangling from the back of their heads, a continuous reminder of the rule by Manchu foreigners.
3. The city of Guangzhou was ransacked in 758CE by whom?
4. Laos has a short border with China, it used to be ruled by which European power?
The small country of Laos officially the 'Lao People's Democratic Republic' became part of French Indo-China 1884-1953. It was never an important French possession, serving as a buffer zone between British Burma and the more important (for the French) Vietnamese region.
5. Where did Emperor Qinshuangdi build his capital city?
Xianyang near Xi'an
The unifying Qin Emperor (Qin Shihuangdi) founded a massive new imperial capital city at Xianyang. After the fall of the dynasty in 206BCE the city was burnt to the ground. It is a few miles west of the modern city of Xi'an, Shaanxi
6. The Chinese coin used throughout dynastic history had which feature?
made of brass
image of sun
image of dragon
7. What must all Emperors possess to be able to rule?
Mandate of Heaven
Ten bronze tripods
8. Deng Xiaoping was known for a love of what type of cuisine?
Deng Xiaoping spent the years 1920-26 in France learning about modern Western ideas including Communism. He acquired a love for French cuisine and playing bridge.
9. Which Ming Emperor has had his tomb excavated?
10. Sun Yatsen was President of the Republic of China for how long?
Sun Yatsen proclaimed the foundation of the Republic of China on 1st January 1912 with himself as first President. In a compromise to appease the fears of the Western powers, Sun Yatsen stood down to allow the favorite of the Western powers Yuan Shikai to take his place.
11. Westerners call the country ‘China’ in reference to what?
name of pottery
Latin word for silk
It is believed that the name for the country was in use before the Qin Dynasty (221-206BCE). Asian neighbors to the west would have first met people from the Qin kingdom as it was the westernmost of the kingdoms befre unification.
12. When did the Taiping Rebellion take place?
13. Zhu Yuanzhang spent much of his early life as what?
14. In which year was Hong Kong passed back to Chinese control under the two systems agreement with the UK?
The hand-over took place on June 30th 1997. It is under joint Hong Kong-China administration 'two systems' for fifty years but Chinese backed appointments to the city's administration have made opposition to increasing Chinese influence difficult.
15. Who was one of the leaders of the May 4th movement in Tianjin, 1919?
16. Bai Juyi's poem ‘A song of Unending Sorrow’ commemorates which event?
Defeat at Battle of Talas
Death of Yang Guifei
Defeat by Mongol invaders
Death of Wang Mang
Tang Emperor Xuanzong became besotted by his son's wife Yang Guifei (or Yang Yuhuan) and during the An Lushan lost all sound judgment in pursuit of his passion. When An Lushan rebelled in 755, the Emperor fled and was forced to watch Yang Guifei being strangled.
17. Which leader spent some time working at a tractor factory at Xinjian, Jiangxi?
Deng Xiaoping worked with Liu Shaoqi on a mixed economy model for China in the early 1960s. When Mao unleashed the Cultural Revolution in 1966 Deng was lucky to escape with his life. He worked in a tractor factory at Xinjian, Jiangxi in 1969, keeping a very low profile. He quickly returned to power after Mao's death in 1976.
18. When was the Battle of Talas?
The Battle of Talas was an important event in the Tang dynasty. China's expansion West along the Silk Route was brought to a halt. An Abbasid army beat a Chinese army in 751CE. The change of allegiance of Karluk troops proved decisive.
19. Celadon is a prized form of porcelain often with crackled glaze, with which dynasty is it mainly associated?
The plain designs of Song celadon porcelain remain some of the most prized ceramics ever produced. Many have characteristic light green, crackled glazes in simple shapes without decoration. The high price of original celadon wares has encouraged forgers to produce 'replica' vessels that are very difficult to distinguish from the originals.
20. Who led the forces of the Han dynasty at the battle of Red Cliff?
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