Anhui, China

Position of Anhui in China
ProvinceĀn huī 'peace emblem'
Short name Wǎn
Population61.027 million (4.32%) [9th] comparison table
Area140,000 km2 [54,054 mile2] (1.46%) [22nd]
GDP63,383 (15.46%) [15th]
NeighborsShandong Zhejiang Jiangxi Hubei Henan Jiangsu
Others or just click on the map
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu
Anhui, view
Sunrise over part of Anhui province in November

Anhui can claim to be at the heart of Central China as it straddles the mighty Yangzi river. The northern portion is part of the flat, fertile North China plain and is noted for wheat and rice production. There is a vast coalfield and iron industry west of Huainan. South of the Yangzi, the province is more mountainous and sparsely populated. Economically it remains somewhat behind its neighbors Hubei and Henan.

Anhui, Hongcun, building, village
Ancient village of Hongcun in Anhui with structures from Ming and Qing dynasties

Famous people from Anhui include: Bao Zheng , the model for selfless dedication to public office; Cao Cao the villain of the Three Kingdoms period; Zhu Yuanzhang founder of the Ming dynasty and reputably both Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi founders of the Daoist tradition.

Huangshan, Anhui, mountain
Huangshan mountain with Pinus hwangshanensis trees, Nov 2010
Image by Peter05031960 available under a Creative Commons license

Huangshan mountains

A notable attraction of Anhui is scenic Huangshan (Yellow Mountains) in the south, a very popular mountain range to climb for Chinese as well as foreign visitors. It is named after China's legendary first Yellow Emperor who is reputed to have visited here. It has rocky, granite peaks and pine trees growing right up to the summit. A famous view is of Huan Ke SongWelcoming Guest Pine’ at the start of the trail, reputed to be 1,000 years old. Many people gather at sunrise to see the sun shine through iridescent mists at the summit. The walk to the top can be spread over several days with ancient temples and viewing points along the way. Tang poet Li Bai labeled the mountain a ‘Golden Hibiscus’. Hot springs are found at the bottom while near the top Jade Screen Pavilion offers panoramic views often with the mountains shrouded in mist. Tiandu Peak which can be reached by a stone walkway just 164 feet [50 meters] short of the summit ‘Lotus Flower Peak’ 6,115 feet [1,864 meters]. There are hotels, cafes and shops high up in the mountains serving the continuous flow of visitors. Tunxi is the nearest large town and has many fine examples of traditional architecture.

Buddhism , Anhui, elephant, dragon
Entrance to a Buddhist temple decorated with dragons and elephants, Jiuhuashan, Anhui

Other places to visit in Anhui

Mengcheng has the Song dynasty Chahua Pagoda. It has 13 levels and stands 106 feet [32 meters] high. Fengyang is associated with the ancestors of the first Ming Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang and was planned as a major city but was never completed.

In the mountains in Yixian county are two ancient villages Xidi and Hongcun undisturbed since Ming dynasty times and on the UNESCO World Heritage List . Shexian county (formerly called Huizhou) also has Ming dynasty buildings. Jiuhuashan Nine Flowers Mountain’ sacred to Buddhists rivals Huangshan in scenic beauty - there are over sixty temples along the path to the summit. The city of Chaohu is named after the large lake to its west. Both Huangshan and Qimen are famous for their teas; Huangshan for green tea and Qimen for black tea .

Anhui, water town
Ancient town in Anhui province
Anhui, Huangshan, mountains
Monkey rock on Huangshan mountains, Anhui

Anhui History

Historically the northern part has been subject to severe flooding from the Yangzi, and centuries ago, by the Yellow river too. The legendary Yu the Great is said to have worked on flood prevention measures on the Huai, Yangzi and Yellow Rivers. There schemes were then taken up by Emperor Qin Shihuangdi.

Anhui, water town
Ancient town in Anhui province

Anhui became part of the ‘recognized’ nation of China over 2,000 years ago and was settled during the Han dynasty. Hefei, at the center of the province, is the provincial capital; it has developed rapidly as an industrial center since the founding of the PRC. Ma'anshan is one of the larger heavy industrial centers. Up until 1662 it formed with Jiangsu the central province of Jiangnan. The name for Anhui is formed from the names of two ancient cities Anqing () and Huizhou in the far south near Huangshan. The province is well known for the production of paper, ink and ink-stones; as these are treasures of the calligrapher, it has a fine literary associations.


Hefei Xinqiao International Airport 合肥骆岗国际机场 HFE IATA / ZSOF ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 19.8 miles (31.8 kms) from Hefei. Live Flight information , Airport information , rank in China 36
See map of location Hefei Xinqiao International Airport
Huangshan Tunxi International Airport 黄山屯溪国际机场 TXN IATA / ZSTX ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 6.2 miles (10.0 kms) from Tunxi. Live Flight information , Airport information , rank in China 97
See map of location Huangshan Tunxi International Airport


University of Science and Technology of China

The University at Hefei was founded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences under the leadership of Guo Moruo to promote research into science and technology. Since its foundation in 1958 it has broadened its scope and is one of the top Universities in China.. Undergraduates: 7667, Postgraduates: 8921, International students: 49, GP World ranking 113
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Anhui Climate

Climate Chart for Anhui
Climate Key
Major CitiesPopulation
Anqing 358,661
Bengbu蚌埠 576,648
Fuyang 170,023
Hefei 3,310,268
Huaibei 903,039
Huainan 1,027,655
Lu'an 311,825
Ma'anshan 420,295
Suzhou Anhui宿 205,130
Tongling 314,971
Wuhu 507,524

City populations for 2012, Province statistics National Bureau of Statistics 2014

See also