Jiā rén Relationship Domesticity [hexagram 37]

Yang line Yang line Yin line Yang line Yin - controlling line Yang line

Family members
Wind over
Wood Wood element

Wood Water
Xiè [40] Disentangle; Relief
Fire Lake
Kuí [38] Opposition; Diversity
Fire Water
Wèi jì [64] Unfinished; Almost complete

Lunar month: 5 ; Host or Controlling line : 2
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: . Jiā rén: lì nǚ zhēn.

For (the realization of what is taught in) Jia Ren, (or for the regulation of the family), what is most advantageous is that the wife be firm and correct.

: , , , , . 焉, . , , , , , , ; 矣. Tuàn zhuàn: Jiā rén, nǚ zhèng wèi hū nèi, nán zhèng wèi hū wài, nán nǚ zhèng, tiān dì zhī dà yì yě. Jiā rén yǒu yán jūn yān, fù mǔ zhī wèi yě. Fù fù, zǐ zǐ, xiōng xiōng, dì di, fū fū, fù fù, ér jiā dào zhèng; zhèng jiā ér tiān xià dìng yǐ.

In Jia Ren the wife has her correct place in the inner (trigram), and the man his correct place in the outer. That man and woman occupy their correct places is the great righteousness shown (in the relation and positions of) heaven and earth. In Jia Ren we have the idea of an authoritative ruler; - that, namely, represented by the parental authority. Let the father be indeed father, and the son son; let the elder brother be indeed elder brother, and the younger brother younger brother, let the husband be indeed husband, and the wife wife: - then will the family be in its normal state. Bring the family to that state, and all under heaven will be established.

: , ; , 恒. Xiàng zhuàn: Fēng zì huǒ chū, jiā rén; jūn zǐ yǐ yán yǒu wù, ér xíng yǒu héng.

(The trigram representing) fire, and that for wind coming forth from it, form Jia Ren. The superior man, in accordance with this, orders his words according to (the truth of) things, and his conduct so that it is uniformly consistent.

young yang young yang young yin young yang young yin changing yang
I Ching transform
Jiàn [53] Progression; Gradual development
: , . Chū jiǔ: xián yǒu jiā, huǐ wáng.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject establishing restrictive regulations in his household Occasion for repentance will disappear.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Xián yǒu jiā, zhì wèi biàn yě.

‘He establishes restrictive regulations in his household: - (he does so), before any change has taken place in their wills.

young yang young yang young yin young yang changing yin young yang
I Ching transform
Xiǎo xù [9] Taming; Small accumulation
: 遂, 馈, . Liù èr: wú yōu suì, zài zhōng kuì, zhēn jí.

The second ‘six’, divided, shows its subject taking nothing on herself, but in her central place attending to the preparation of the food. Through her firm correctness there will be good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Liù èr zhī jí, shùn yǐ xùn yě.

‘The good fortune attached to the second ‘six’, (divided),’ is due to the docility (of its subject), operating with humility.

young yang young yang young yin changing yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
[42] Increase; Gain
: 嗃嗃, ; 嘻嘻, 吝. Jiǔ sān: jiā rén hè hè, huǐ lì jí; fù zǐ xī xī, zhōng lìn.

The third ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject (treating) the members of the household with stern severity. There will be occasion for repentance, there will be peril, (but) there will (also) be good fortune. If the wife and children were to be smirking and chattering, in the end there would be occasion for regret.

: 嗃嗃, ; 嘻嘻, . Xiàng zhuàn: Jiā rén hè hè, wèi shī yě; fù zǐ xī xī, shī jiā jié yě.

When ‘the members of the household are treated with stern severity,’ there has been no (great) failure (in the regulation of the family). When ‘wife and children are smirking and chattering,’ the (proper) economy of the family has been lost.

young yang young yang changing yin young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Tóng rén [13] Aggregation; Fellowship
: , . Liù sì: fù jiā, dà jí.

The fourth ‘six’, divided, shows its subject enriching the family. There will be great good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Fù jiā dà jí, shùn zài wèi yě.

‘The family is enriched, and there is great good fortune:’ - this is due to the docility (belonging to the subject of the line), and its being in its correct place.

young yang changing yang young yin young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
[22] Pattern; Elegance
: , 恤, . Jiǔ wǔ: wáng jiǎ yǒu jiā, wù xù, wǎng jí.

The fifth ‘nine’, undivided, shows the influence of the king extending to his family. There need be no anxiety; there will be good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Wáng jiǎ yǒu jiā, jiāo xiāng ài yě.

‘The influence of the king extends to his family:’ - the intercourse between them is that of mutual love.

changing yang young yang young yin young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Jì jì [63] Consumation; Sated
: , . Shàng jiǔ: yǒu fú wēi rú, zhōng jí.

The topmost ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject possessed of sincerity and arrayed in majesty. In the end there will be good fortune.

: 威, . Xiàng zhuàn: Wēi rú zhī jí, fǎn shēn zhī wèi yě.

‘The good fortune connected with the display of majesty’ describes (the result of) the recovery of the true character.

This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.

See also